MUHAMALAI, SRI LANKA - MARCH 2: Navirethan Sujitha works as a task commander for HALO Trust at Muhamalai, one of the biggest minefields in the world, on March 2, 2019 in Muhamalai, Sri Lanka. In 2009 Sujitha's village, Uruthirapuram village, was heavily shelled and she the military moved in and took her and her family to a camp. Her husband was not home at that time and is presumed dead. After more than a year she was allowed to return home. She joined HALO Trust in 2010 and her first job was to clear landmines from her own village. She is the sole breadwinner of her family and her salary supports her, her mother, daughter and niece. As the 10 year anniversary of the Sri Lankan Civil War approaches, de-mining continues across the north of the country. At the HALO Trust, one of the NGOs working to remove mines in the north, 44% of their staff working in the minefields are female, of which 62% are the primary breadwinners of their family, and 37% have had relatives who were injured, killed, or went missing during the civil war. As of 31st January 2019, HALO Sri Lanka has cleared 309,354 mines and unexploded ordnance in Sri Lanka. The war was fought from 1983 until 2009 between the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, which fought to create an independent Tamil state, and the Sri Lankan military. (Photo by Allison Joyce/Getty Images)

Aknaszedésből tartják el családjukat a tamil nők

Nagyjából 100 ezer ember vesztette életét a 25 évig zajló Srí Lanka-i polgárháborúban, amelynek kiváltó okai a tamil független állam megalapítására irányuló törekvések voltak. A polgárháború már tíz éve véget ért, de a hatásai a mai napig érezhetők. Többek között azért, mert sokan hiába akarnak hazatérni, az ország északi részében még mindig rengeteg taposóakna és fel nem robbant lőszer van a földben.

A világ számos pontján aktív HALO Trust azok közé a civil szervezetek közé tartozik, amelyek a világ egyik legnagyobb aknamezőjének megtisztításán dolgoznak. A Srí Lankán eddig több mint 300 ezer darab aknát hatástalanító HALO-nál az aknaszedést végzők 44 százaléka tamil származású nő, akiknek 62 százaléka egyben a fő kenyérkeresőnek is számít a családjában.

Az aknaszedő nők jelentős része maga is érintett volt a harcokban, 37 százalékuknak van olyan rokona, aki meghalt, megsérült vagy eltűnt a polgárháború alatt.

MUHAMALAI, SRI LANKA - MARCH 2:  Female de-miners travel back to their control point after finishing a shift working at Muhamalai, one of the biggest minefields in the world, on March 2, 2019 in Muhamalai, Sri Lanka. As the 10 year anniversary of the Sri Lankan Civil War approaches, de-mining continues across the north of the country. At the HALO Trust, one of the NGOs working to remove mines in the north, 44% of their staff working in the minefields are female, of which 62% are the primary breadwinners of their family, and 37% have had relatives who were injured, killed, or went missing during the civil war. As of 31st January 2019, HALO Sri Lanka has cleared 309,354 mines and unexploded ordnance in Sri Lanka. The war was fought from 1983 until 2009 between the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, which fought to create an independent Tamil state, and the Sri Lankan military. (Photo by Allison Joyce/Getty Images)
A HALO munkatársai visszatérnek a központba a műszak után. Fotó: Allison Joyce/Getty Images
MUHAMALAI, SRI LANKA - MARCH 2: A female de-miner works to clear mines in Muhamalai, one of the biggest minefields in the world, on March 2, 2019 in Muhamalai, Sri Lanka. As the 10 year anniversary of the Sri Lankan Civil War approaches, de-mining continues across the north of the country. At the HALO Trust, one of the NGOs working to remove mines in the north, 44% of their staff working in the minefields are female, of which 62% are the primary breadwinners of their family, and 37% have had relatives who were injured, killed, or went missing during the civil war. As of 31st January 2019, HALO Sri Lanka has cleared 309,354 mines and unexploded ordnance in Sri Lanka. The war was fought from 1983 until 2009 between the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, which fought to create an independent Tamil state, and the Sri Lankan military. (Photo by Allison Joyce/Getty Images)
Fotó: Allison Joyce/Getty Images
MUHAMALAI, SRI LANKA - MARCH 3: A female de-miner works to clear mines in Muhamalai, one of the biggest minefields in the world, on March 3, 2019 in Muhamalai, Sri Lanka. As the 10 year anniversary of the Sri Lankan Civil War approaches, de-mining continues across the north of the country. At the HALO Trust, one of the NGOs working to remove mines in the north, 44% of their staff working in the minefields are female, of which 62% are the primary breadwinners of their family, and 37% have had relatives who were injured, killed, or went missing during the civil war. As of 31st January 2019, HALO Sri Lanka has cleared 309,354 mines and unexploded ordnance in Sri Lanka. The war was fought from 1983 until 2009 between the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, which fought to create an independent Tamil state, and the Sri Lankan military. (Photo by Allison Joyce/Getty Images)
Fotó: Allison Joyce/Getty Images
MUHAMALAI, SRI LANKA - MARCH 2: A female de-miner works to clear mines in Muhamalai, one of the biggest minefields in the world, on March 2, 2019 in Muhamalai, Sri Lanka. As the 10 year anniversary of the Sri Lankan Civil War approaches, de-mining continues across the north of the country. At the HALO Trust, one of the NGOs working to remove mines in the north, 44% of their staff working in the minefields are female, of which 62% are the primary breadwinners of their family, and 37% have had relatives who were injured, killed, or went missing during the civil war. As of 31st January 2019, HALO Sri Lanka has cleared 309,354 mines and unexploded ordnance in Sri Lanka. The war was fought from 1983 until 2009 between the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, which fought to create an independent Tamil state, and the Sri Lankan military. (Photo by Allison Joyce/Getty Images)
Fotó: Allison Joyce/Getty Images
MUHAMALAI, SRI LANKA - MARCH 3: Female de-miners share breakfast during a break working to clear mines in Muhamalai, one of the biggest minefields in the world, on March 3, 2019 in Muhamalai, Sri Lanka. As the 10 year anniversary of the Sri Lankan Civil War approaches, de-mining continues across the north of the country. At the HALO Trust, one of the NGOs working to remove mines in the north, 44% of their staff working in the minefields are female, of which 62% are the primary breadwinners of their family, and 37% have had relatives who were injured, killed, or went missing during the civil war. As of 31st January 2019, HALO Sri Lanka has cleared 309,354 mines and unexploded ordnance in Sri Lanka. The war was fought from 1983 until 2009 between the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, which fought to create an independent Tamil state, and the Sri Lankan military. (Photo by Allison Joyce/Getty Images)
Fotó: Allison Joyce/Getty Images
KILLINOCHI, SRI LANKA - MARCH 2: Pins marking minefields in a map on the wall of the HALO Trust office is seen on March 2, 2019 in Killinochi, Sri Lanka. As the 10 year anniversary of the Sri Lankan Civil War approaches, de-mining continues across the north of the country. At the HALO Trust, one of the NGOs working to remove mines in the north, 44% of their staff working in the minefields are female, of which 62% are the primary breadwinners of their family, and 37% have had relatives who were injured, killed, or went missing during the civil war. As of 31st January 2019, HALO Sri Lanka has cleared 309,354 mines and unexploded ordnance in Sri Lanka. The war was fought from 1983 until 2009 between the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, which fought to create an independent Tamil state, and the Sri Lankan military. (Photo by Allison Joyce/Getty Images)
Rajzszöggel jelölt aknamezők a térképen. Fotó: Allison Joyce/Getty Images
MUHAMALAI, SRI LANKA - MARCH 2: Navirethan Sujitha works as a task commander for HALO Trust at Muhamalai, one of the biggest minefields in the world, on March 2, 2019 in Muhamalai, Sri Lanka. In 2009 Sujitha's village, Uruthirapuram village, was heavily shelled and she the military moved in and took her and her family to a camp. Her husband was not home at that time and is presumed dead. After more than a year she was allowed to return home. She joined HALO Trust in 2010 and her first job was to clear landmines from her own village. She is the sole breadwinner of her family and her salary supports her, her mother, daughter and niece. As the 10 year anniversary of the Sri Lankan Civil War approaches, de-mining continues across the north of the country. At the HALO Trust, one of the NGOs working to remove mines in the north, 44% of their staff working in the minefields are female, of which 62% are the primary breadwinners of their family, and 37% have had relatives who were injured, killed, or went missing during the civil war. As of 31st January 2019, HALO Sri Lanka has cleared 309,354 mines and unexploded ordnance in Sri Lanka. The war was fought from 1983 until 2009 between the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, which fought to create an independent Tamil state, and the Sri Lankan military. (Photo by Allison Joyce/Getty Images)
A tamil nemzetiségű Navirethan Sujitha csapatvezetőként dolgozik a HALO Trustnál. 2009-ben Sujitha faluját erős bombázás érte, majd a katonaság őt és a családját táborba vitte. A férje nem volt otthon, de a feltételezések szerint meghalt. Az asszony egy évvel később térhetett haza. 2010-ben lépett be a HALO-ba, és az első feladata az volt, hogy a saját faluját megtisztítsa a taposóaknáktól. Jelenleg ő az egyetlen kenyérkereső a családjában, ő tartja el az édesanyját, a lányát és az unokahúgát. Fotó: Allison Joyce/Getty Images
URUTHIRAPURAM, SRI LANKA - MARCH 2: Navirethan Sujitha works in her garden after returning home from her shift working to clear mines at Muhamalai, one of the biggest minefields in the world, on March 2, 2019 in Uruthirapuram, Sri Lanka. In 2009 Sujitha's village, Uruthirapuram village, was heavily shelled and she the military moved in and took her and her family to a camp. Her husband was not home at that time and is presumed dead. After more than a year she was allowed to return home. She joined HALO Trust in 2010 and her first job was to clear landmines from her own village. She is the sole breadwinner of her family and her salary supports her, her mother, daughter and niece. As the 10 year anniversary of the Sri Lankan Civil War approaches, de-mining continues across the north of the country. At the HALO Trust, one of the NGOs working to remove mines in the north, 44% of their staff working in the minefields are female, of which 62% are the primary breadwinners of their family, and 37% have had relatives who were injured, killed, or went missing during the civil war. As of 31st January 2019, HALO Sri Lanka has cleared 309,354 mines and unexploded ordnance in Sri Lanka. The war was fought from 1983 until 2009 between the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, which fought to create an independent Tamil state, and the Sri Lankan military. (Photo by Allison Joyce/Getty Images)
Navirethan Sujitha a kertjében dolgozik munka után. Fotó: Allison Joyce/Getty Images
URUTHIRAPURAM, SRI LANKA - MARCH 2: Navirethan Sujitha poses for a photo after returning home from her shift working to clear mines at Muhamalai, one of the biggest minefields in the world, on March 2, 2019 in Uruthirapuram, Sri Lanka. In 2009 Sujitha's village, Uruthirapuram village, was heavily shelled and she the military moved in and took her and her family to a camp. Her husband was not home at that time and is presumed dead. After more than a year she was allowed to return home. She joined HALO Trust in 2010 and her first job was to clear landmines from her own village. She is the sole breadwinner of her family and her salary supports her, her mother, daughter and niece. As the 10 year anniversary of the Sri Lankan Civil War approaches, de-mining continues across the north of the country. At the HALO Trust, one of the NGOs working to remove mines in the north, 44% of their staff working in the minefields are female, of which 62% are the primary breadwinners of their family, and 37% have had relatives who were injured, killed, or went missing during the civil war. As of 31st January 2019, HALO Sri Lanka has cleared 309,354 mines and unexploded ordnance in Sri Lanka. The war was fought from 1983 until 2009 between the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, which fought to create an independent Tamil state, and the Sri Lankan military. (Photo by Allison Joyce/Getty Images)
Navirethan Sujitha. Fotó: Allison Joyce/Getty Images
MUHAMALAI, SRI LANKA - MARCH 3: Inthira Piriyatharsini works to clear mines in Muhamalai, one of the biggest minefields in the world, on March 3, 2019 in Muhamalai, Sri Lanka. Inthira Piriyatharsini and her family were displaced in 2009 when the Sri Lankan military shelled their village. Her husband, Ludes Nixon, was hit and lost his right leg during the attack. After a year they were able to move back to their village with their two children. In 2012 Inthira joined the HALO Trust as a de-miner. "I was nervous the first day, and the first time I found a grenade, but I was affected by the war so doing this work is very satisfying for me. I always think that it's just because of my work that people get to come back and live in their homes again" Inthira says. As the 10 year anniversary of the Sri Lankan Civil War approaches, de-mining continues across the north of the country. At the HALO Trust, one of the NGOs working to remove mines in the north, 44% of their staff working in the minefields are female, of which 62% are the primary breadwinners of their family, and 37% have had relatives who were injured, killed, or went missing during the civil war. As of 31st January 2019, HALO Sri Lanka has cleared 309,354 mines and unexploded ordnance in Sri Lanka. The war was fought from 1983 until 2009 between the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, which fought to create an independent Tamil state, and the Sri Lankan military. (Photo by Allison Joyce/Getty Images)
Inthira Piriyatharsini aknát szed Muhamalaiban, a világ egyik legnagyobb aknamezőjén. A családjának 2009-ben kellett elhagynia a lakhelyét, a férje, Ludes Nixon a támadás során elvesztette a jobb lábát. Egy évvel később térhettek haza, az asszony 2012-ben csatlakozott a HALO-hoz. Fotó: Allison Joyce/Getty Images
KILLINOCHI, SRI LANKA - MARCH 3: Inthira Piriyatharsini cooks for her family in her home after her shift working to clear mines in Muhamalai, one of the biggest minefields in the world, on March 3, 2019 in Killinochi, Sri Lanka. Inthira Piriyatharsini and her family were displaced in 2009 when the Sri Lankan military shelled their village. Her husband, Ludes Nixon, was hit and lost his right leg during the attack. After a year they were able to move back to their village with their two children. In 2012 Inthira joined the HALO Trust as a de-miner. "I was nervous the first day, and the first time I found a grenade, but I was affected by the war so doing this work is very satisfying for me. I always think that it's just because of my work that people get to come back and live in their homes again" Inthira says. As the 10 year anniversary of the Sri Lankan Civil War approaches, de-mining continues across the north of the country. At the HALO Trust, one of the NGOs working to remove mines in the north, 44% of their staff working in the minefields are female, of which 62% are the primary breadwinners of their family, and 37% have had relatives who were injured, killed, or went missing during the civil war. As of 31st January 2019, HALO Sri Lanka has cleared 309,354 mines and unexploded ordnance in Sri Lanka. The war was fought from 1983 until 2009 between the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, which fought to create an independent Tamil state, and the Sri Lankan military. (Photo by Allison Joyce/Getty Images)
Inthira Piriyatharsini főz az otthonában, munka után. Fotó: Allison Joyce/Getty Images
KILLINOCHI, SRI LANKA - MARCH 3: Inthira Piriyatharsini and her husband, Ludes Nixon, pose for a photo in their home on March 3, 2019 in Killinochi, Sri Lanka. Inthira Piriyatharsini and her family were displaced in 2009 when the Sri Lankan military shelled their village. Her husband, Ludes Nixon, was hit and lost his right leg during the attack. After a year they were able to move back to their village with their two children. In 2012 Inthira joined the HALO Trust as a de-miner. "I was nervous the first day, and the first time I found a grenade, but I was affected by the war so doing this work is very satisfying for me. I always think that it's just because of my work that people get to come back and live in their homes again" Inthira says. As the 10 year anniversary of the Sri Lankan Civil War approaches, de-mining continues across the north of the country. At the HALO Trust, one of the NGOs working to remove mines in the north, 44% of their staff working in the minefields are female, of which 62% are the primary breadwinners of their family, and 37% have had relatives who were injured, killed, or went missing during the civil war. As of 31st January 2019, HALO Sri Lanka has cleared 309,354 mines and unexploded ordnance in Sri Lanka. The war was fought from 1983 until 2009 between the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, which fought to create an independent Tamil state, and the Sri Lankan military. (Photo by Allison Joyce/Getty Images)
Inthira Piriyatharsini és férje, Ludes Nixon. Fotó: Allison Joyce/Getty Images

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